senegal information

Wednesday, September 27, 2006

GOVERNMENT OF SENEGAL

Type: Republic.
Independence: April 4, 1960.
Constitution: March 3, 1963, last amended in 2001.
Branches: Executive--President (chief of state, commander in chief of armed forces). Legislative--
nt academics and attorneys), Court of Final Appeals, Council of State.
Administrative subdivisions: 11 regions, 34 departments, 320 rural councils.
Political parties: 72 political parties are registered .Suffrage: Universal adult, over 18.
Central government budget (2004): $887.5 billion African Financial Community (CFA).
Defence (2004 est.): $56.8 billion CFA.
National Holiday: April 4, Independence Day.

THE ELEVEN ADMINISTRATIVE REGIONS OF SENEGAL

1 DAKAR: Pikine, Guédiéwaye, Rufisque
2 ZIGUINCHOR: Ziguinchor, Bignona, Oussouye
3 DIOURBEL: Diourbel, Bambey, Mbacké
4 FATICK: Foundiougne, Fatick,Gossas
5 MATAM: Ourossogui,Thilogne,Bakel
6 KOLDA : Vélingara, Sédhiou
7 KAOLACK: Kaffrine,Nioro,Kaolack
8 LOUGA: Kébémer, Louga, Linguère
9 SAINT LOUIS: Richard Toll,Rosso,Podor
10 TAMBA COUNDA: Kédougou,Tamba,Bakel
11 THIES: Mbour,Tivaoune,Thiès

DAKAR

Dakar region is the smallest and most populated region of Senegal, encompassing the capital city of the country, Dakar, and all its suburbs along the Cap Verde peninsula, Africa's most westerly point. Dakar region is divided into four departments (administrative structures without political power, unlike the French departments): Dakar department. The Dakar department is also a commune (city). This is a situation comparable to Paris which is both a department and a commune. The department /commune of Dakar is further divided into: 4 administrative division, which are administrative structures without much powers. The administrative division is further divided into: 19 administrative divisions. The administrative divisions have a lot of powers, unlike those of department and are more comparable to the boroughs. The population of Dakar is estimated of 2 267356 and an area of 547 km ². The others departments are: Pikine, Guédiewaye and Rufisque

DIOURBEL

Located between 14° 30 and 15° of Northern latitude and 15°40 and 16°40 of Western longitude, the area of Diourbel is limited to North by the areas of Thies and Louga, in the South by the areas of Thies and Fatick, in the East by the areas of Fatick and Louga and with the West by the area of Thies. It covers a surface of 4.359 km² and covers 2,2% of the area of the territory. Its density (201 inhts/km²) is relatively high compared to the other areas of the country. On the administrative division, the area is subdivided in 3 departments (Diourbel, Mbacké and Bambey), 3 communes, 7 districts and 32 rural communities.
The climate is of soudano-sahélien type, heat and dryness, with one rather short rainy season from 3 to 4 months and a long dry season which sometimes goes during October at least to June. The area lies between isohyets 400 and 500 Misters precipitations, irregular and are badly divided in time. The minimal temperatures of the area vary between 20,3 C° for the minimal ones and 36,2 C° for the maximum temperatures. The area not having maritime fringe, nor of littoral and river, one can thus consider that it is without true natural resources. The main activity of the region is agriculture.

ZIGUINCHOR

Ziguinchor is a region located in the south of Senegal, between Gambia and Guinea- Bissau. Most of the local activity is organised around the Casamance River: Palm groves, forests, mangroves and paddy fields are the region’s main characteristics. In the south, between Ziguinchor and Cap- Skirring, lovely villages have been set up in the different forest belts of the area.Ziguinchor is the biggest town and represents the administrative capital of Casamance with a population of 130.000. Located in the south part of the Casamance River, Ziguinchor is also the main access of Ziguinchor).
It is composed of 03 (three) departments: Ziguinchor, Bignona, Oussouye and the main activity is agriculture and fishing.

FATICK

The Population of Fatick is estimated of 613 000 inhabitants and an area of 7935 km².From the scission of the ex-area of Sine- Saloum in 2 areas: Kaolack and Fatick, the latter was created with the administrative cutting of 1984, more precisely on February 22 by the law 84 - 22. Fatick has a surface of 7935 km2 is 4, 4% of the national territory. It is limited to the North and the North-East by the areas of Diourbel and Louga, Thiès in the North-West, Kaolack in the East and finally in the South Gambia and the Atlantic Ocean in the West. The area counts three departments (Fatick, Gossas and Foundiougne), 10 districts, 35 rural communities and 2097 villages) of 1988 emphasized a population of 509.702 inhbts (either 7, 3% of the national population), from where density of 64 inhbts to km2 (higher than the national average which is of 35 inhbts to km2).This population is in young majority with more than 57% of less than 20 years. The pattern of the settlement in groups of ages was elaborate in 1997 by the Regional Service of the Statistics and it is presented as follows: 49% for the children (less than 15 years); 30% for the young people (15 to 35 years); 21% for the adults (more than 35 years). In 1999, the population was estimated at 618.837 inhbts, that is to say a density of 78 inhbts to km2 (source DPS)

KOLDA

Kolda.With an area of a three times higher than of the Low Casamance (21011 km2) and is ecologically and socially different. Mainly populated of Peulh it is a Moslem area not very industrialized, wedged, poor, and has very little attended tourists, it is delimited in the East by the National park of Niokolo Koba, in the West by the bolong Marssassoum, North by Gambia, and the South by the Guinea-Bissau. It is an area of increasingly wooded savanna to the approach of Ziguinchor and Guinean Bissau Border. Although the large were completely exterminated by the poachers (lions, elephants, buffaloes) the fauna of High Casamance is very rich in monkeys, antelopes, gazelles, crocodiles…. The three departments are: Sedhiou, Velingara, and Kolda the roads are in very bad condition and the tracks during the winter are among most painful of the country. If you obtained your Guinean visa (in Ziguinchor for example), High Casamance is an excellent starting point to visit Guinea Bissau of the Area of Bafata to Park of Niokolo Koba you will have to leave Kolda or Velingara passes by the main road.

KAOLACK

Population: 1 066 375 inhabitants. The three administrative departments are Kaffrine, Kaolack, and Nioro du Rip. The Kaolack region is a Region in Senegal very close to Fatick. It borders Gambia and is a common stopping point for travel between Dakar and Banjul. Kaolack city (1988 pop. 150,961) is the administrative centre for the region. It is a port on the Saloum River. Lying in a farm area, Kaolack is a major peanut marketing and exporting center and has a large peanut oil factory. Brewing, leather tanning, cotton ginning, and fish processing are also important industries. Salt is produced from nearby salines.The city is on the railroad from Dakar to the Niger River in Mali. Kaolack is the international centre of the Ibrahimiyya branch of the Tijaniyya Sufi Muslim order, whose mosque is on the city's outskirts.

LOUGA

Louga is a city and region of Senegal. The region is located on the Northwest part of the country and Louga City is in the Northwest of the region about 50km in land from the Atlantic coast.
The Louga region covers an area of 29.188 km², in other words 15% of the national territory. It counts 03 departments: Kebemer, Linguère, and Louga

MATAM

Matam is a lost commune of the Northern Ferlo, more distant from neighbours Podor and Bakel, and was seen propelled with the row of capital of the eleventh Region of Senegalese created in January 2002 to balance the immense area which was before that of Saint-Louis and that Matam has the only one prefecture of department. There are no many things to see except colonial vestiges of the fortified towns created by Faidherbe to defend the territory of the incursions: Moors and omariennes. Good time of the roads of trade on the river, of many ships stopped there to seek the invaluable goods sold in the area. Of this river activity remain the traces of the quays of mooring of the boats.
The three departments are Kanel, Matam; Ranerou.It should be said that Matam has the immense handicap not to be on the principal road: Podor-Bakel.The main activities is agriculture.

SAINT LOUIS

Founded by the French colonialist in the XVII century, Saint-Louis was an urbanized city in the middle of the XIX century. It was the capital of Senegal from 1872 to 1957 and was a cultural and economic dominating part in the whole of Western Africa. The situation of the city as a island in the mouth of the Senegal River, gives it a particular urban plan, by its system of quays and its colonialist characteristic, the colonial architecture confer to Saint-Louis its particular quality and its identity.
The second aspect of the historical city of Saint-Louis testifies to an important exchange of values and influenced the development of education, the culture, architecture, the craft industry and the services in most of Western Africa. And the island of Saint-Louis, former capital of Western Senegal, is a remarkable example of colonial city, characterized by a particular natural framework, and illustrates the development of the colonial government in the area.

TAMBACOUNDA

The region of Tambacounda occupies 30% of the Senegalese territory, according to figures' presented by the specialists. This zone has enormous place where potentialities are hidden in the entrails of its hills and its basement rich in minerals, in spite of a significant number of constraints due to a lack of exploitation. It is the largest region of Senegal, the poorest but has many potentialities. The community of Tomborongkoto, more precisely in Bantanko, and the research of gold is the principal economic activity which mobilizes the populations. Artificial or abstract minefields are hidden in the foliage of the shrubs flowered by the rains with several tens of meters of the villages where most banal ground spaces abound in several gold layers. The mines dug by means of spades with water sprinkled in the walls to facilitate the effort, can have a depth of a few tens of meters. Placed all around the trenches made up, the various workers have each one a well defined task. It is a true assembly line work. At the time when from autumns the buckets introduced draw to collect the quartz stones in which are the gold seams, others crush them in domestic mortars, and some make sorting with plastic sieves by pouring water there in order to separate gold from the argillaceous ground one gram of gold”, which shows the difficulties encountered in this work of prospection and exploitation.

THIES


The population of Thiès is estimated 1 290 265 and an area of 6670 km². The Mid-west of Senegal, equipped with a very strong population, presents a typical sahalian landscape savanna, but also of the forests of baobab trees and of “rôniers”, a tree similar to the palm tree but the fruit are bigger (very frequent in the Casamance Region).Thiès, is from 70 kilometres in the east of Dakar, and is the second city of the country. There is an important railway crossroads. Among its famous factory lies the manufacture of decorative arts which appears where parts of tapestry are manufactured. In the North-West the zone of Niayes starts, very fertile between the dunes depressions: they constitute the principal market-gardening zone of the country. On the coast, the village of Kayar, famous for the spectacle of the hundreds the pirogues ones which border the beach, then the village of Mboro, in which start to settle second homes. In the North of Thiès, the town of Tivaouane, place chief of the large moslem and “Tidianes”.